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Iguana Food & Diet

Iguanas are strictly herbiroves which means consume exclusively plant material. In the wild, green iguanas feed on leaves, flowers, and some fruits.

A balanced diet of greens, vegetables, fruits, and other items can help to guarantee that your pet iguana is content and healthy. Make sure to provide your pet a wide choice of foods.

This ensures a balanced diet and gives your pet the opportunity to try new, exciting foods. The majority of the required foods are readily available at grocery stores and pet retailers.

Iguana Food and Diet
Green Iguana eating Food

Food for Iguana

There is commercial iguana food available that can make a nice addition to your pet’s diet. Iguana food is usually in pellet form and can be mixed with other foods your pet eats. Since the pellets are dry, moistening them before feeding is a way to make them healthier. Iguana food should not be the primary diet of your iguana.

Greens & Vegetables

The majority of your pet iguana’s diet should consist of fresh veggies and greens. To aid digestion you can chop the food into small pieces. You could offer your pet a variety of greens, including collard, mustard, dandelion, turnip, kale, and romaine lettuce. Shredded carrots, peas, green beans and other beans, bell peppers, squash, and other vegetables may be enjoyed by your iguana.

You can occasionally replace fresh vegetables with frozen ones or use frozen vegetables if you’re out of them. A decent emergency food is a combination of french-cut green beans, peas, carrots, lima beans, and maize. Before giving your iguana the frozen vegetables, make sure to thaw them to room temperature, or to blench them (throw them in hot water for a few second and then place them in cold water).


Fruit can be added to an iguana’s diet for variety. Some fruits your pet may enjoy include strawberries, blueberries, bananas, apples, and cantaloupe. Like other foods, fruit should be chopped for easy eating.


You can occasionally add grains and bread to the meals you give your pet. Your iguana will like some cooked pasta, cooked rice, and whole grain bread. To make eating easier, make sure the food is chopped into small pieces.


Unlike most other reptiles, iguanas do not feed on insects. They are herbivores which means that they reach their protein requirements solely by eating vegetables, and not from animal protein. Iguanas may occasionally swallow small insects when eating their veggies, but do not purposefully prey on insects and should not be fed meats of any kind.


Iguanas receive a large portion of their water intake from their vegetarian diet, but they still need a source of water available at all times. Keep a large, spill-resistant bowl in their enclosure and replace the water daily.


A pet iguana’s nutritional requirements for vitamins and minerals, can be met with the use of reptile supplements, and this is especially important to avoid calcium deficiencies. You can dust your iguana’s food with powdered calcium and vitamin D3 a few times per week. A reptile multivitamin supplement can also be given once a week.

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