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Uromastyx Food and Diet

Uromastyx are almost exclusively herbivores, and it is not necessary to feed them any insects or meat. Their vegetarian diet consists of leaves, flowers, legumes, grains, herbs and vegetables of all kinds. Pet uromastyx do not need much water because they absorb it directly from the veggies in their diet, so you do not need to provide a bowl with fresh water every day.

Uromastyx Eating
Uromastyx Eating. Photo courtesy of Paul Korecky.

Food for Uromastyx

Because uromastyx lizads have a very similar diet to that of green iguanas, you may be able to find some commercial reptile food in the form of dry pellets (make sure that these are 100% vegetarian!). Only feed iguana food to your uromastyx as a complementary serving to freshly sourced greens, as well as the occasional fruits and seeds.

Dark leafy greensFeed every day in large amounts
VegetablesFeed every day in smaller amounts
FruitsNo more than 10% of diet
Grains and seedsFeed two-four times a week as a supplement to greens and veggies
Uromastyx Feeding Schedule

Greens & Vegetables

The vast majority of your uromastyx’s diet should consist of greens, leaves, flowers and vegetables. Staples in their diet should be dark leafy greens such as collard greens, mustard greens, dandelion greens, kale, chard, parsley and bok choy.

A variety of vegetables can also be offered in moderation, such as carrots, squash, bell peppers and peas. Flowers such as chamomile, dandelions, lavender, hibiscus, marigold and rose petals can also be fed safely.

Greens to avoid: Spinach, because they contain too high amounts of oxalates which can cause health problems in large quantities, and foods that are nutritionally poor such as iceberg lettuce or cucumbers.

Fruits

Uromastyx can safely consume most fruits but these should be fed in moderation due to their high sugar content which may lead to obesity. Uromastyx are especially fond of berries such as blueberries, blackberries, raspberries and strawberries.

Fruits to avoid: Avocado, because it contains potentially toxic substances which are known to be harmful and potential fatal to reptiles.

Grains and seeds

Grains and seeds should only be fed occasionally. Uromastyx generally prefer smaller seeds such as millet and lentils, either dry or sprouted. These should be offered as an additional treat and cannot replace a full meal.

Insects

Uromastyx are strictly herbivorous and should not be fed insects. That said, they do occasionally ingest insects and small lizards by accident in the wild. Some species that live in dry, hot desert areas have also been observed feeding on insects when there is no vegetation available. That said, you should never feed insects or meat to your pet uromastyx.

Supplements

Calcium and D3 supplements are especially important for uromastyx as they are unlikely to meet their intake requirements from diet alone. You can achieve this by dusting their food in powdered calcium supplements 2-3 times a week.


Uromastyx Foods List

Greens and FlowersVegetables and HerbsLegumes and GrainsFruits
Chicory
Dandelion
Clover
Borage
Radicchio
Romaine lettuce
Valerian
Alfalfa
Pansies
Hibiscus
Chamomile
Squash blossoms
Roses
Chamomile
Carrots
Pumpkin
Zucchini
Prickly pear shovels
Bell peppers
Celery
Mallow
Rosemary
Sage
Thyme
Oregano
Lavender
Peas
Chickpeas
Beans
Lentils
Green beans
Rice
Quinoa
Flax
Millet
Barley
Buckwheat
Apples
Cantaloupe
Mango
Papaya
Blackberries
Blueberries
Cherries
Cranberries
Guava
Pears
Peaches
Plums
Raspberries
Strawberries
List of Uromastyx-friendly foods

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